Name: ________________________________________________ Date: ___________________ Period: ____________
Crash Course World History #24: The Atlantic Slave Trade
Key Concept 4.2 New Forms of Social Organization and Modes of Production
While the world’s productive systems continued to be heavily centered on agricultural production throughout this period, major changes occurred in agricultural labor, the systems and location of manufacturing, gender and social structures, and environmental processes. A surge in agricultural productivity resulted from new methods in crop and field rotation and the introduction of new crops. Economic growth also depended on new forms of manufacturing and new commercial patterns, especially in long-distance trade. Political and economic centers within regions shifted, and merchants’ social status tended to rise in various states. Demographic growth—even in areas such as the Americas, where disease had ravaged the population—was restored by the eighteenth century and surged in many regions, especially with the introduction of American food crops throughout the Eastern Hemisphere. The Columbian Exchange led to new ways of humans interacting with their environments. New forms of coerced and semi-coerced labor emerged in Europe, Africa and the Americas and affected ethnic and racial classifications and gender roles.
Traditional peasant agriculture increased and changed, plantations expanded, and demand for labor increased. These changes both fed and responded to growing global demand for raw materials and finished products.
The growth of the plantation economy increased the demand for slaves in the Americas.
Colonial economies in the Americas depended on a range of coerced labor
Some notable gender and family restructuring occurred including the demographic changes in Africa that resulted from the slave trades (as well as dependence of European men on Southeast Asian women for conducting trade in that region or the smaller size of European families).
Preview the video viewing questions.
Watch “Crash Couse in World History: The Atlantic Slave Trade” without taking any notes.
Watch “Crash Couse in World History: The Atlantic Slave Trade” a second time. We will pause the video as needed so that you can answer the questions.