Ghandi shows us the way or is it mao? Unit 9 – Asia’s path to Independence

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UNIT 9 – Asia’s path to Independence
This unit will examine the paths of 2 emerging powers in our world: India & China. We will follow their paths from ancient empire, to puppets of western powers, to strong, independent nations.

First, we will examine China’s roller coaster path from crumbling Monarchy to oppressed Japanese territory to Communist Revolution and their rise to World Power. We will also explore India’s path from a British Colony to an independent state and the largest democracy in the world. We will focus on India’s independence movement

We will contrast the leadership and revolutionary tactics of China’s Mao Zedong with India’s Mohandas Gandhi. We will explore where they have taken China and India today, and which is better off. . . .


  1. Identify the causes and effects of India’s and China’s fall from ancient imperial power to puppet of western nations on the modern cultures of each nation.

  2. Summarize the backgrounds of Gandhi and Mao, how that shaped them as leaders, their roles in their respective independence movements, and the effects they’ve had on their countries.

  3. Summarize and analyze China & India’s path to independence, including the interaction of Colonial and native leadership in the moves towards independence/modernity.

  4. Identify and describe the accomplishments and obstacles of modern, independent India and China.





Mughal Empire

Caste system

East India Co. Pakistan

Sri Lanka




Mohun Roy

Jawaharlal Nehru

Indira Gandhi

Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Sepoy Mutiny

Sepoy Rebellion

Rowlatt Act

Amritsar Massacre

Gov. of India Act

Muslim League

Partition of India

Indian Nat’l Congress

Mohandas Gandhi

Mustafa Kemal (?)

Qing Dynasty


Mao Zedong

Isolation policy

Opium War

Boxer Rebellion

Taiping Rebellion

Empress Cixi (?)

Spheres of Influence

Open Door Policy

Chinese Industries Nationalist movement (?)

3 Principles (?)

Yuan Shikai (?)

May 4th movement

Jiang Jieshi

Long March


Great Leap forward

Cultural Revolution

Atomic Bomb


FRIDAY 5/11 = Re-view test, intro unit, discuss Modern China
MONDAY 5/14 = Notes on fall of Imperial China

HW = PLAN 335-39

TUESDAY 5/15 = Notes: struggle for a new identity and shaking Western Influence

HW = PLAN 401-405

THURSDAY 5/17= Lecture & Video biography (Mao).

HW = PLAN 482-85
FRIDAY 5/18 = Notes on early Communist China

HW = Answer the following ?’s:

  1. TTH 336,337,339,340

  2. Section Assessment p.404 #2,4

MONDAY 5/21 = Staff Development (no school)
TUESDAY 5/22= Notes & discussion, China’s evolution. Liberalization after Nixon’s visit.

HW = Answer the following ?’s:

  1. Skill builders p. 483

  2. TTH p. 483, 485

  3. Sec. Assess p. 485 #2,3,4

THURSDAY 5/24 = Discuss Mao as a revolutionary, Quiz on China, Lab to research India?

HW = Current Events in India
FRIDAY 5/25= Modern India discussion, Intro lecture on fall of Mughal Empire.

HW = Read pp. 321-25 w/questions:

  1. List & define all key terms applicable from this handout’s list.

  2. Give 1 detailed example of British racism towards Indians.

  3. Give 2 reasons why Indians could not beat back the British.

  4. List 2 ways Great Britain helped and 2 ways they hurt India

MONDAY 5/28 = Discussion on British Colonialism, creating change

HW = Read 405-406 and answer questions:

  1. When, how and why did Indian Nationalism grow prior to WWI

  2. How did WWI actually change Indian Rights? How did Indians feel about these changes?

  3. Summarize the Rowlatt Act and the Amritsar Massacre. Explain how the two are the two related.

TUESDAY 5/29 = Movie “Gandhi”

HW = Read 406-407

  1. What about Gandhi’s beliefs and background made him ideal to lead India to independence?

  2. Summarize Gandhi’s style of resistance in a single phrase other than the bold-faced phrase.

  3. Name one famous American who affected change here through the same methods as Gandhi.

Describe the “Government of India Act”
THURSDAY 5/31= Movie “Gandhi”

HW = Read 504-506 (+ top sentence on 507) + questions:

  1. Read 504 and answer questions on that page

  2. TTH p. 505, 506,

  3. Why did large scale violence not erupt before 1947?

FRIDAY 6/1 = Movie “Gandhi”

HW = Read 507-509 + questions:

  1. TTH p. 507

  2. List 3 liberal ideas Nehru supported.

  3. Describe 1 major obstacle to stability/growth in India/Pakistan/Bangladesh

  4. Summarize the main cultural division between India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Bhutan (the 4 nations which constituted the former British colony of India)

  5. P. 509 Assessment #3

MONDAY 6/4 = Finish movie, discuss movie, Gandhi as a model for a revolutionary.

HW = Read 408-9 + questions:

  1. Who is Mustafa Kemal and what did he do?

  2. Which European powers controlled Persia? What country is Persia now?

  3. In what years did Oil production rise in the Middle East? Why then?

  4. Assessment #2, #3

TUESDAY 6/5 = Lecture, activity on Indian as an independent nation.

HW = Read & Respond to ? on p. 388,

Begin Studying for Friday’s exam 

THURSDAY 6/7= Discuss growth of Modern India, Review
FRIDAY 6/8 = Exam

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