|Greek Civilization Study Guide
Alexander conquered Egypt, Persia, and part of India
Homer wrote the Iliad and the Odyseey
Pericles led Athens in its Golden Age
Mycenaeans fought The Trojan War against a rival trading city - Troy
Dorians Distant Greek relatives, not as advanced in pottery and tools
Socrates Philosopher who questioned the values of Athens
Xerxes Second invasion from Persia lead by
Euclid helped develop geometry
Solon started reforms that made Athens a democracy
Darius King of the Persians the first time that they invaded
Athena Goddess of Wisdom
Plato theorized the average citizen was incapable of governing wisely
Philip II King of Macedonia who unified all Greeks
aristocracy rule by a small group of nobles.
Democracy rule by the people
Philosophy “love of wisdom”.
Cleisthenese reformed the government by creating the council of 500
The Battle of Marathon a great Athenian over the Persians
Greek gods were all powerful, immortal, human-like beings
Thermopylae a great Spartan defeat with honor
Greek Art characterized as the use of idealistic proportions and emotions.
Athens emerged as the leader of Greece after the Persian Wars.
Athenians defeated the Persians at Salamis
Aegean the sea around which Greek civilization grew up
Sparta the name of the city-state that defeated Athens in 404 BC
Athens Greek city-state whose population was always trying to learn
Sparta The Greek city-state with the most powerful army
Aristotle philosopher who taught Alexander and developed syllogism
Greek dramas myths, tragedies, comedies
Plataea Great, Greek, land victory over Persia after naval victory
rugged mountains geographical factor created separate city-states
Crete large island near the Greek mainland where a great civilization started
Peloponnesian War fought between Sparta and Athens
What are the events of Ancient Greece? What was part of the normal Greek men’s activities?
What are the contributions of the Greeks to Western Civilization?
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