Revolutions in Russia

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Revolutions in Russia

While reading pgs. 867-873 fill-in the following charts and define the following terms

How did each of the following help to ignite the full-scale revolution?

1. Policies of the czars

Autocratic rule – want to wipe revolutionaries

Strict censorship, political prisoners sent to Siberia, violence against Jews (pogroms), only Russian language allowed

Led to angry people

2. Industrialization and

Rapid industrialization led to discontent

  • Low wages

  • Bad working conditions

  • Child labor

  • Outlawed trade unions

  • Workers had no political power

All led to growth of revolutionary groups

3. Economic growth

Left huge gap between rich and poor

4. The Russo-Japanese War

Japan attacks after Russia tries to control Korea and Manchuria

Huge losses for Russia lead to unrest and revolt

5. “Bloody Sunday”

Workers march on palace demanding better working conditions, more freedoms, and a legislature

Soldiers fire on them killing hundreds

Leads to strikes and violence throughout country

6. World War I

Weak generals and poorly equipped troops lead to many defeats

4 million casualties

showed the weakness of the czar and military leaders

soldiers mutinied

At home: shortages of food and fuel, inflation

Czar Nicholas unable to solve

How did each of the following help the Bolsheviks gain and hold political control?

November 1917 Revolution


Armed factory workers storm palace, fired on by soldiers

Ends up toppling provisional government

Bolsheviks take power – led by V. Lenin

Civil war between the Red and White armies

Bolsheviks against anti-Bolsheviks

14 million die in Civil War – famine, flu

Russia in chaos

Red Army crushes all opposition

Showed Bolsheviks are able to seize and maintain power

What were the Causes and Effects of Two Russian Revolutions, 1917

Causes: Czarist Russia

Effects/Causes: March Revolution

Effects: Bolshevik (November) Revolution

Weak leadership of Czar

Czar abdicates

Provisional gov’t set up

Provisional government overthrown

Revolutionaries challenge gov’t

Provisional gov’t takes over

Lenin and soviets gain power

Bolsheviks take over

Widespread discontent among all classes

Russia stays in WWI

Bolsheviks sign peace treaty with Germany and leave WWI

Civil War begins

What role did each of the following play in the Russian Revolution?

Alexander Kerensky

Head of provisional government

Made decision to stay in WWI

Overthrown by Bolsheviks

V.I. Lenin

Leader of Bolsheviks

Returns to Russia from exile

Distributes farmland to peasants and gives control of factories to workers

Ends Russian involvement in WWI – March 1918

Leon Trotsky

Leader of the Bolshevik Red Army

Led them to defeat of White Army

Define Thoroughly the following Terms:
proletariat: workers

Bolsheviks: radical Marxist group

Duma: national legislature (parliament) set up, then taken down, by Czar Nicholas

Rasputin: self-claimed “holy man” who helped Nicholas’s son with hemophilia. In return, Alexandra (wife of Nicholas) gives him political power. He opposes any reforms and gives jobs to his friends. Finally murdered by group of nobles
Provisional Government: temporary government set up after Czar abdicates
soviet: local councils consisting of workers, peasants, and soldiers
Communist Party: new name of Bolshevik party. Followers of Karl Marx. Believed in classless society that would exist after workers had seized power

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