Ancient Greece- Part 4
The Golden Age of Athens
Following the Persian War, Athens experienced a period of growth and prosperity known as the Golden Age of Athens.
The leader of Athens at this time was a man named Pericles.
Pericles rebuilt the city following its destruction during the Persian War
Rebuilt many of Athens’ most famous buildings, including the Parthenon
Extended democracy so most Athenian males could participate in government
During the Golden Age of Athens the city experienced growth in philosophy, science, medicine, architecture, literature, history, and art.
Because this all happened under Pericles’ leadership, sometimes the time period is called the Golden Age of Pericles.
A temple dedicated to the patron Goddess of Athens, Athena, the Parthenon was destroyed during the invasion of Athens during the Persian War
Following the victory against Persia, Pericles ordered the rebuilding of the Parthenon
Greek architecture is renowned for its use of large, stately columns in construction.
There are three types of columns typically used in Greek architecture, Doric (found at the Parthenon), Ionic, and Corinthian
Doric (Draw one to the right)
Doric columns are the most simple, and found on the Parthenon
They are simply squared off at the top.
Ionic (Draw one to the right)
Ionic columns are topped with something resembling circular scrolls
Corinthian (Draw one to the right)
Corinthian columns are most elaborate types of columns, adorned with leaves and scrolls
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