The student will demonstrate knowledge of European exploration in North America and West Africa by
a) describing the motivations for, obstacles to, and accomplishments of the Spanish, French, Portuguese, and English explorations;
b) describing cultural and economic interactions between Europeans and American Indians that led to cooperation and conflict, with emphasis on the American Indian concept of land;
c) identifying the locations and describing the characteristics of West African societies (Ghana, Mali, and Songhai) and their interactions with traders.
The student will demonstrate knowledge of the factors that shaped colonial
a) describing the religious and economic events and conditions that led to the colonization of America;
b) describing life in New England, Mid-Atlantic, and Southern colonies, with emphasis on how people interacted with their environment to produce goods and services, including examples of specialization and interdependence;
c) describing colonial life in America from the perspectives of large landowners, farmers, artisans, women, free African Americans, indentured servants, and enslaved African Americans;
d) identifying the political and economic relationships between the colonies and Great Britain.
The student will demonstrate knowledge of the causes and results of the
a) identifying the weaknesses of the government established by the Articles of Confederation;
b) describing the historical development of the Constitution of the United States;
c) describing the major accomplishments of the first five presidents of the United States.
Westward Expansion and Reform
The student will demonstrate knowledge of westward expansion and reform in
America from 1801 to 1861 by
a) describing territorial expansion and how it affected the political map of the United States, with emphasis on the Louisiana Purchase, the Lewis and Clark expedition, and the acquisitions of Florida, Texas, Oregon, and California;
b) identifying the geographic and economic factors that influenced the westward movement of settlers;
c) describing the impact of inventions, including the cotton gin, the reaper, the steamboat, and the steam locomotive, on life in America.